Apple ordered to pay up to €13bn after EU rules Ireland broke state aid laws

By | all, Mac Book

Apple has been ordered to pay a record figure of up to €13bn (£11bn) in back taxes to Ireland by the European commission. This video explains the ‘sweetheart deal’ that the commission has ruled amounts to illegal state aid

Apple ordered to pay up to €13bn after EU rules Ireland broke state aid laws

Tim Cook, Apple’s chief executive, said the commission was rewriting Apple’s record in Ireland, overriding Irish law and disrupting the international tax system. He said Apple chose the Irish city of Cork as its European base 30 years ago and had expanded from 60 workers to almost 6,000 in Ireland.

He said Apple would appeal and that he was confident of winning.

Cook said: “We never asked for, nor did we receive, any special deals. We now find ourselves in the unusual position of being ordered to retroactively pay additional taxes to a government that says we don’t owe them any more than we’ve already paid.”

The commission’s decision is a rebuff to US efforts to persuade it to drop the case after warnings of retaliation from Washington.

Apple, which changed its tax arrangements with Ireland in 2015, should easily be able to pay the huge tax bill because it has a cash mountain of more than $230bn (£176bn) of cash

SSD how to choose

By | all, Mac Book

The Solid Stade Disks are so quite and fast but they cost much. My advice is to still use the ivo samsung discs.

get a small disc for your system and an extra external for your work. You can always change the dvd to an extra SSD for data but it might hit up your proassesore.

 

meer wetten? gebruik de contact form off zoek via xoek machine for ssd ivo big joule in de buurt

 

Dafna

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Facebook spion achter je – en nu weet je ook wanneer en hoe

By | all, future of the Web

one more useful tool to install on your chrome navigator is

https://dataselfie.it/#/


Introductie van DATA selfie – een nieuwe plugin die het mogelijk maakt u een kijkje te nemen in de ‘backstage‘ van Facebook-activiteit, en presenteren aan u, nummers en kleuren, alle informatie die u tijdens het uitvoeren van analyses van uw accountontvangt en verzamelt social network

Heeft u zich ooit afgevraagd hoe Facebook verzamelt de informatie die u nodig hebt? Facebook is niet alleen het uitvoeren van een spionage activiteit die u uitvoert en weet waar je bent, wie je bent in, wat zijn uw voorkeuren met betrekking tot eten, winkelen, het kiezen van een partner en politieke standpunten. Met behulp van deze informatie kan de informatie die naar je toe komt, de commercials zij kiest en wat het werkelijk betekent heel veel alle informatie die je verbruikt direct.

Lees meer Globes ”

Waar zijn ze bang voor? Kritische hypotheek data banken verbergen van het publiek
Bnei Brak: New Horizon meest dichtbevolkte stad in Israël
De hoop en vrees van de werklozen appartement, aannemers en minister van Financiën Kahlon
Let op: Hoe sluit ik de Arava bij de nationale water?

Is ze ervoor kiest om de informatie op uw wereld dingen die je echt in contact met hen te verrijken leiden, of dat het gebruik van die informatie te planten hoe het is om in je geest. Dit is een kwestie op zich geweest.

Hoe dan ook, als spionnen achter je dus – dacht die achter DATA selfie app – zeer de moeite waard om naar de vijand te leren kennen. Gegevens Salafi additief gratis, open-source Chrome-browser die de gebruiker om uit te vinden hoe je kunstmatige intelligentie algoritmes en processors hebben van Facebook de activiteiten van de gebruiker en ontlenen informatie over de persoonlijkheid en gewoonten helpt.

De app analyseert en decodeert de gegevens met behulp van algoritmes op basis van kunstmatige intelligentie en toont alle verzamelde informatie in toegankelijke en intuïtief, zodat u precies weet wat er gebeurt en wat er achter u uw activiteit bijhouden gegenereerde informatie-netwerk.

Nu dat je weet wat je weet – je kunt ook bepalen hoeveel u wordt blootgesteld aan, wat je onthullen en aan wie.

A battle rages for the future of the Web Should the WWW be locked down with DRM? Tim Berners-Lee needs to decide, and soon.

By | all, future of the Web

The W3C, led by Sir Tim Berners-Lee, looks set to standardise DRM-enabling Encrypted Media Extensions (EME) in browsers, a move that betrays the founding principles of the open Web.

When Berners-Lee invented the Web, he gave it away. His employer at the time, CERN, licensed the patents royalty-free for anyone to use. An open architecture that supported the free flow of information for all made it what it is today.

The NeXT machine used by TimBL at CERN.
Enlarge / The NeXT machine used by TimBL at CERN.
SSPL/Getty Images

But that openness is under assault, and Berners-Lee’s support for standardising EME, a browser API that enables DRM (digital rights/restrictions management) for media playback, has provoked a raging battle within the W3C (World Wide Web Consortium), the organisation that sets the standards for how browsers work.

The stakes could not be higher, to hear both sides tell it. On the one hand, Hollywood is terrified of online piracy, and studios insist that video streaming providers like Netflix use DRM to stop users from pirating movies. On the other hand, a long list of security experts argue that DRM breaks the Web’s open architecture, and damages browser security, with cascading negative effects across the Internet.

As the director of W3C, Berners-Lee shepherds the future of the Web, and is under intense pressure from both camps. While the W3C has no governing power to mandate a solution—in fact, many browsers, including Chrome, ship with EME already—what the W3C does have is TimBL.

And both sides want his blessing.

Security time-bomb

The Web has upended earlier ways of publishing, and charging for, copyrighted material. Creators of movies, songs, books, and newspapers still struggle to adapt to a new world in which anything can be copied at nearly zero cost, and shared around the world in nearly no time.

In desperation, many creators have turned to DRM in an attempt to limit consumers’ ability to copy and share what are, at the end of the day, just ones and zeroes traversing the Internet. But DRM is trivially circumvented, and so companies rely on the legal muscle of the DMCA (Digital Millennium Copyright Act) §1201 in the US, and its counterparts in other countries around the world, including the European Union Copyright Directive (EUCD), which make it a felony to break it. This turns violating copyright law, a minor offence, into a serious crime punishable by prison time.

But prohibiting copyright scofflaws from breaking DRM has the side effect of criminalising legitimate security research, which, by definition, involves taking things apart and breaking them in order to make them better. Some critics go so far as to call this side-effect a feature, not a bug. Filing a lawsuit remains the knee-jerk reaction for many companies embarrassed by good-faith security research into their software.

This DMCA/DRM one-two combo stifles security research and makes us all less safe, security experts warn. Browsers are a key piece of infrastructure, and increasingly serve not only Web pages and streaming video, but also as front ends for important services and the administration of devices. Security researchers are reluctant to engage in legitimate, public-interest research for fear of a lawsuit or prosecution under DMCA §1201. Indeed, the most recently discovered vulnerability in Widevine, Google’s DRM solution for video streaming in browsers, came from researchers in Israel, one of the few developed countries without a DMCA-like law.

“DRM is a dangerous feature to standardise and have enabled across everyone’s browser because it essentially enforces a black box of code to be installed on your browser which cannot be audited or looked at or even talked about by security researchers,” Harry Halpin, a W3C employee who publicly threatened to quit in protest over the proposed EME standard, and left the organisation at the end of 2016, tells Ars.

Joi Ito, director of MIT’s Media Lab, agrees. “By allowing DRM to be included in the standard we ‘break’ the architecture of the Internet by allowing companies to create places to store data and run code on your computer that do you not have access to,” he explains to Ars. “We will be left with a broken and fragile architecture, as well as browsers whose internals are off limits to security researchers, who face brutal punishment for trying to determine whether your gateway to the Internet is secure enough to rely on.”

Ars attempted to reach a number of pro-DRM advocates for this story, but few were willing to comment on the record.

DRM AND THE OPEN WEB

By | Mac Book

There’s been lots of buzz about the proposed addition of “Encrypted Media Extensions” to HTML5, and the related extension of the HTML5 Working Group charter to include support for “protected content.” In the wake of the announcement that these are “in-scope” for HTML, we wanted to explain what this means — and doesn’t mean — for W3C and the Open Web.

W3C is not developing a new DRM system, nor are we embracing DRM as an organization. We do acknowledge that some in industry demand content protection and that DRM use is currently widespread. We also know that others find DRM anathema to the Open Web. In building the Open Web, we do not equate “open” content with material that must be available free of charge.

Given these competing demands, W3C is convening people with a range of viewpoints to investigate how to keep the Web maximally open (for instance, consistent with the W3C Royalty-Free Patent Policy) and to help us determine how content protection can interact with the Open Web. We invite those who are interested in the technical discussions about Encrypted Media Extensions to monitor or participate in the HTML Working Group, which is open to all. That specification will undergo the same technical review and interoperability testing as other W3C specifications on the Recommendation Track.

To help crystallize the technical discussions around Encrypted Media and DRM, we’re opening a new Restricted Media Community Group specifically to consider the paired challenges of openness and access-restriction. As a growing number of industries with current requirements related to content protection are embracing the Open Web Platform, we seek a solution that considers both today’s business and technical realities and the long-term health of the Web. The Web and TV Interest Group is another place where these conversations happen, in task forces producing requirements documents. The CG does not intend to develop specifications, although it might approach requirements documents from a user perspective.

Join us at restrictedmedia to continue the discussion.

macBook te Koop

By | Mac Book

macBook 2.0 Ghz

MacBook unibody

MacBook unibody

Kenmerken

Conditie : Gebruikt
Model : MacBook
Schermgrootte : 13 inch
Processorsnelheid : 2 tot 3 Ghz
Harde schijf : 200 tot 500 GB
Werkgeheugen (RAM) : 6 GB of meer

Beschrijving

Mooi macbook met 8 gig ram
als werk prima ,
2Ghz intel core 2 Duo
systeem 10.8.5
alle software is daarop microsoft paket ook.
Macbook had nooit problemen , geen water schad off bezonderhieden.
Het is mijn oude mac , ik had  noodig eentje dit is veel sneler voor mijn werk.
mail me als je wilt wat vragen.